The Microscope

Galileo and others experimented with microscopes of various designs. In 1663 Robert Hooke made substantial improvements and was the first to visualize microorganisms.

He called the primary structure of the items he observed "cells" as they reminded him of individual monk cells in a monastery. This organization is the building block of all living organisms, plant and animal, making Hook the father of cellular biology.

Hooke inferred a wave theory of light and recorded his observations regarding heat as energy and air's composition.


Hooke believed that manufactured objects rapidly lose their beauty and perfection when examined under the microscope, while natural items retain magnificent complexity regardless of scale.

Micrographia is a historically significant collection of Robert Hook's observations. Printed in 1665 and the first significant publication of the Royal Society, it was the first to include illustrations of insects and plants as seen under high magnification. Larger

Anthony van Leeuwenhoek in 1677, discovered bacteria and determined that these organisms caused disease and not rotten air and foul odors as believed by miasma theory. He was also the first to observe and record the existence of human sperm. 

1800 Walter Fleming determined that cancers grow through cell division. The extensive research that followed would be impossible without a microscope.


Expanding our vision to the electron microscope level reveals SARS-CoV2,-nCoV, the deadly virus that causes COVID-19. This virus is shown emerging from the surface of cells cultured in the lab, giving today's scientists a unique perspective on the actual progress of the disease.


The Ebola virus is deceptively beautiful in this microscopic view. The essential perspective, however, is the insight this visualization gives researchers studying its potentially devastating effects. 

Our expanding vision now encompasses the vastness of the universe and the limitless realm of the microscopic.

Slide101 A

This lens diagram is symbolic of the property of lensing or expanding perspective and awareness. From galaxies and microorganisms to his view of our blue marble in space, the lens is one of our most important instruments. The lens on your camera has the same power to expand your vision.

Slide102 A
Powered by SmugMug Owner Log In